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Manisa Turkish

The Turkish Language and its Grammar explained for English Speakers.

To all our Turkish Learners I say Allahasmalad─▒k!

Due to ill health I have to retire from Manisa Turkish Webmastering.
Nathan will be taking over , so look out for some changes.
I wish you well and many thanks for the many inputs and suggestions to improve Turkish learning over the last 18 years.
Happy Turkish Learning to every one - it takes a lifetime...
You can Google the author from the bottom if you wish.
Happy learning - John Guise, Kawerau, New Zealand.

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Manisa Turkish answers some of the difficulties which Turkish learners may encounter along their way.

Wikipedia says: "The best website for learning Turkish with detailed explanations."

About the Turkish Language

Turkish Grammatical Logic

Consonant Changes

Consonants may change for ease of pronunciation before vowels.

k → ─č p → b

Consonant Mutation

Suffixes change spelling to harmonize with the parent word.

Suffix Harmony
Vowel Harmony

The vowels of suffixes must mirror the final vowel of the root word being suffixed.

Their corresponding front / back sounds form the basis for vowel harmony rules.

Vowel Harmony
Suffixes of Location

These suffixes show motion towards, motion from and static location.

Suffixes of Location

Formation of Turkish Spatials
"here and there"

Buffer Letters

Certain consonants are inserted as "buffers" between vowels.

These buffers are always Y, N, S.

Buffer Letters
Verb Tenses

Suffixes are added verb stems to indicate its positive or negative form.

Present Future Past

Personal pronuns are suffixed to tenses to incicate person

Personal Pronouns
Verb Moods

Further suffixes are then added for tense and person.
Further moods - may, might, can, can't, must - are added to produce a new verb.

"I can" "I can not" "I must"
Turkish Alphabet

Consists of twenty-one consonants and eight vowels.

The Turkish alphabet is phonetic as each letter always retains it own sound.

Articles and Gender

There is no definite article "the" as a subject.

Grammatical Articles

There is a specifier "the" as a direct object suffix.

Direct Object

There is a Reflexive Genitive in Turkish where both the "possessor" and "possessed" are suffixed.


Turkish Possessive Contructions explained



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"The Turkish Language Explained for English Speakers"
A Treatise on Turkish Grammar.
Paperback – 502pp.
"The Turkish Language Explained for English Speakers"
A Treatise on Turkish Grammar.
Kindle eBook.